Women in Isiolo Reaping Huge Returns from Camels2nd Jun, 2016
In the sweltering heat of Isiolo County, a group of women are locked up in a room trying to earn a decent living.
The women numbering 25 and largely drawn from Tawakal Group are engaged in camel milk business which is gaining popularity not only in Isiolo town but far counties such as Nairobi, Naivasha and Nakuru for its health benefits.
Once the sole preserve of nomadic Somali and Middle East communities, camel milk, which is naturally semi-skimmed, three times as rich in vitamin C as cows’ milk and packed with antibodies, is increasingly being recognized for its health benefits by health conscious consumers.
In Nairobi, camel milk is now available in restaurants and supermarkets. For more adventurous foodies, camel milkshakes and camelcino (a cappuccino made with camel milk) can be found in some eateries.
”We get our supply from herders, some keeping the animals in neighboring Samburu and Meru Counties. We preserve the commodity in the fridges before transporting them to the Nairobi market,” said the Chairlady of the group Dekha Adow.
One of the group’s supplier is Adan Abdi who rides to Shab Hills along the Isiolo-Meru border, a distance of 50km to collect the milk on daily basis.
”I wake up at 4.30 am every day to bring 100 litres of camel milk for the group. I make two trips and I am through with my work by 2 pm,” said Abdi.
The group also gets more supply from Mulango, 20 km west of Isiolo town and Archers Post in Samburu East.
”This is low season. It’s difficult to get more than 300 litres as the camels are in lactating period,” explained Ms Adow.
During the peak season, the women sell up to 3,000 litres of fresh milk to the Nairobi market.
At their cooling centre within a building the group owns, they also run a milk bar where they sale fresh, fermented and yoghurt milk to local customers as low as Sh 30 per cup.
”Each member has specific roles. Some work at the milk bar while others in the cold room. At night others take the milk to the stage where they are ferried to Nairobi by buses,” said the official.
They buy a litre at Sh 80 from the farmers and sell at Sh 150 and Sh 200 of the same quantity in Isiolo town and Nairobi respectively.
”We have an order from Eastleigh in Nairobi to supply them milk on daily basis. We get our money at the end of the month,” said Adow.
Their clients are mostly refugees from Somalia who live in Nairobi.
”In Nairobi, the milk is sold in hotels and they also package them and sell in supermarkets,” she added.
But the group will be faced with dilemma when the supply of the milk increases.
”The population of our main customers (the Somalia refugees) is decreasing in Nairobi. A sizeable number have either moved out of the country or relocated to refugee camps,” said the group.
At the milk bar, the operator, Maimuna Mohammed said the group sells a small glass of milk at Sh 30 and the big glass at Sh 80. The varieties are fresh, fermented and yoghurt of various flavors.
”We sell an average of 100 litres of milk to consumers in Isiolo town every day,” said Ms Mohammed.
Sulekha Mohammed said the group started in 2013 and they benefited from training on hygiene and business management at the Naivasha Dairy Training Institute under a project funded through Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) and National Agriculture and Livestock Extension Policy (Nalep).
”Apart from the training, we also got donation of milk gallons of 500 kg and six fridges,” she said.
The group, three years into the business, has managed to buy a plot and construct a commercial building.
”We operate from here and occupy two of the main front shops. We have rented the others,” said Mohammed.
Group members also own camels where it currently stands at 89 while they help each through merry-go round of Sh 25,000 for each member.
”We use the money from merry-go round to meet our basic family needs,” said Mohammed.
The group has also ventured into selling camel meat called locally ‘nyirinyiri’ (meat cut into tiny pieces and deep-fried).
”Nyirinyiri is a Somali delicacy that is in high demand and if well-preserved can stay for up to a month,” stated the official.
They send the prepared meat in metal containers to Nairobi twice a week where a kilogram fetches Sh 1,200. They take 160 kg per week. A kilogram of raw meat is sold in butcheries at Sh 400 in Isiolo town.
The women buy the meat from local butcheries and prepare the meal themselves.
”We get orders, some for weddings from Nairobi and even Tanzania,” she said.
The all-Muslim group does not take loans from banks as their faith forbids business charging interests and they started their business through personal and family contribution.
Recently they developed a business proposal that they sent to USAID funded Resilience and Economic Growth in the Arid Lands—Accelerated Growth (Regal-AG) on camel meat value addition product (nyirinyiri).
According to Regal-AG fact sheet on business development grants for this financial year, Tawakal’s proposal is among five from Isiolo and Marsabit that are at initial negotiation stages. If it goes through, they stand to benefit from a grant of Sh 2.5 million.
According to a study commissioned by SNV, a Dutch NGO, estimated 340 million litres of camel milk was produced commercially in 2007, valued at more than Sh 8billion at the farm level. This makes the sub-sector larger than cotton and comparable with coffee.
At the international level, the FAO estimates that camel milk trading could be worth $10 billion if key improvements are made and proper marketing is done. With this in mind, the Kenyan government is making a strong effort to strengthen the sub-sector and link pastoralists to wider markets.
“We are in the process of building a mini dairy processing centre in Garissa. We are also encouraging camel ownership in the communities where camel keeping is not common but the dry land and climate are suitable for camel rearing,” says Julius Karuse, executive director at the ministry of livestock development.
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